Tech Terms You Should Know

Autumn Alverson

It is quite blatant, but this generation has been relying on technology more than previous ones. Because of this, it’s important to learn the terms used to describe different file types. Terms I will be going over include PNG, JPEG, and GIF. All three of these file types are used with photos, other images, graphics, and animations.

The first term I will go over is PNG, pronounced as ping (like ping-pong). This stands for Portable Network Graphics, which supports lossless data compression. This was used as a possible replacement for the next term, that many are familiar with, GIF. First, let me start out by saying it is pronounced with a soft g, like Jif the peanut butter. The main difference between a GIF and PNG is that a GIF supports animations.

The next term is JPEG (pronounced jay peg). This stands for Joint Photographic Experts Groups. When you create an image or capture a photo and save the picture in a JPEG format you will reduce the quality of the image in exchange for making its file size smaller.

There are few differences between all of these terms. If the file has data compression and supports high quality files, that would be a PNG; If the file has not as much data compression as a PNG and supports animations, that would be a GIF; a file that decreases the quality of a photo in order to decrease the file size is a JPEG.  If you want an image that is very high quality, then go with a PNG, if you want an image that does not take up much space, go with a JPEG.

That’s it for the terms, now go tell your parents what you learned today 🙂